Painful Back Pain – Its Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

yogaroshan April 24, 2020 1:01 am
Silhouette of Back Pain!

Have you ever tried to pick things up, and you’re like, “Ouch, My Back!” Well, you’re not the only one!

8 out of 10 people have felt a stinging sensation on their back and groaned the same thing. But, have you ever wondered why you feel such discomfort? Is it your sedentary work life, your bad posture, or is it something serious?

Here’s a list of what causes the miserable pain! But before that, we have listed out the things you most probably have felt. Yes, the symptoms!

Symptoms of Back Pain

Back pain sure shows some signs apart from the stinging sensation, right?

  • Continuous Backache
  • Increased Pain in case of Forward Bending
  • Decreased Pain in case of a Backward Bending
  • Pain below the knees
  • Inconsistent Bowel Movement
  • Fever
  • Weight Loss

These points conclude the indication of pain in the back. Now, it’s time for its causes.

Causes of Back Pain

Let us tell you beforehand that the pain in the back can be of two different types.

Acute back pain lasts for a maximum of five to six weeks. In contrast, chronic back pain might stay with you for three months or more. But, don’t worry; chronic back pain only occurs occasionally. So, there’s a low chance you’ve got one!

Acute Pain Causes

  • A sudden movement
    • Sudden awkward movements can cause strain on your back, hence, leading to upper and lower back pain.
  • Heavy Lifting
    • Either working out in the gym or if you have a daily lifting job, both of them involves awkward movements with many twists and turns that, in turn, lead to back pain and, sometimes, an injury.
    • If your children also have a sore back, then it’s only because he is carrying more weight than his body can handle.
  • Occupational Factor
    • Desk Jobs are one of the major reasons for back pain. The motionless dull jobs, which make sure that you sit all day, contributes to the pain.
  • Muscle Strains
    • These are also common causes of a backache. Constant pressure on your back, coughing, sneezing, neck bending for extended periods, sleeping position, falling, and such other factors also induce pain in the spine.

Chronic Pain Causes

  • Osteoporosis
    • This generally occurs to the elderly. What this does is shrink the bone mass and escalate the chances of a broken bone, especially the spine.
  • Bulging or Ruptured Disk
    • One of the most common causes of back pain! More commonly known as Sciatica, this factor occurs when the sciatic nerve gets pressed, leaving you with a pain in the lower back and down a single leg. Note that this only affects a single side of your body.
  • Spondylolisthesis
    • More or less like Sciatica, Spondylolisthesis is also about the nerves getting pressed, but it usually occurs at the ending of the spinal column. This condition arises when a lower spine vertebra slips out of its position.
  • Arthritis
    • Yet another common chronic back pain cause is Arthritis/Osteoarthritis, which generally occurs when a connective tissue usually at the end of the vertebral disks wears down over time.
  • Sacroiliac (SI) Joint Pain
    • The Sacroiliac joint lies at the endpoint of your spine and the starting point of your pelvis. Swelling and aging around the joint usually tend to cause back pain and in addition to things and buttocks pain.
  • Skeletal Deformity
    • Deformity like Scoliosis, where the spine curves to the side, or Lordosis, where the lower back or the lumbar region gets an abnormal inward arch, also causes back pain.

Some Other Factors

  • Age
    • It’s a common factor, right? People around the age of 30 or 40 tend to be more prone to having back pain than people below the age.
  • Weight
    • If you’re obese or even just overweight, you will have more problems with your back. Remember, overweight equals more stress on your back.
  • Exercise
    • When you stray away from active life, you tend to get more pain in the back. Unused muscles are weak! Most movements in your body need your back and abdomen to function properly, and if they remain unused, then why wouldn’t you get a backache?
  • Psychological Factors
    • While most of us don’t know about it, our psychological factors also tend to be an indispensable factor when we’re talking about back pain. People with anxiety and depression tend to have backache more often than those who do not.
  • Smoking
    • Did you guys know that smoking also causes more back pain? Well, it reduces the amount of blood flowing into your lower spine, leading to malnutrition in the disks in your back. In addition to it, smoking also reduces the speed of healing.

Now, you know the symptoms and the causes of your back pain. But, do you need to worry about such back pain? You might have to contact a doctor if ever your ache:

  • Occurred following a fall
  • Isn’t improving after much rest
  • Has extended to your legs
  • Is inducing unexplained weight loss
  • Is bringing about fever and weakness

If your backache is a chronic one and is one among the list, you have to book an appointment with the doctor and get treatment for such severe cases. But, if you don’t have such pain, you need to rest and get into a more active lifestyle.

If you’re into yoga, here’s a link to our yoga for back pain!

Prevention of Back Pain

Back pain, either it be sciatica, lumbago, herniated disc, or anything, can be prevented with small changes in your daily life. Here, we have created a list of some possible changes to your daily routine to stay free of such aches.

  • Posture
    • Posture is the most crucial factor when it comes to deterring backache.
    • Avoid slouching.
    • Don’t stand for extended periods.
    • Avoid or lessen the use of high heels
    • While sitting, it’s necessary to change your position frequently, at least once every half an hour
    • While seated, don’t forget to maintain hips and knees at the same level. What we mean by this is that your knees should be perpendicular to the ground.
    • Seats with back support should be considered for people with desk jobs.
  • Heavy Lifting
    • Avoid lifting heavy weights as much as you can, but if you can’t, work your legs and core to lift and not your back. 
    • While lifting something bulky, always keep the item near your body.
    • When lifting something sizeable from the ground, only bend your knees and not your back.
  • Bed Rest
    • Too much bed rest induces back pain.
    • Remember, motion aids recovery.
    • Staying in a supine position for longer periods weakens your back muscles and hence, effectuates back pain.
  • Exercise
    • Opt for workouts that increase your overall back and core strength.
    • Walking and Swimming are the best alternatives to working out.
  • Weight
    • As we already know, overweight is terrible for the back. So, keep your weight on check.
  • Quit Smoking

This is all from us. If we’ve missed something, feel free to comment below!

For more health-related content, keep on reading at Yoga Memo.


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